Atay completed his law degree at Tabriz State University with the thesis "The Invalidity of Armenian Allegations Against the Republic of Turkey from an International Law Perspective." He holds his master's degree from Ankara University's Department of International Private Law with his thesis titled "Interreligious and Inter-confessional Conflict of Laws in the Middle East: The Case of Israel." His second master's degree was received from the Middle East Technical University with his thesis: "The Intra-Islamic Conflicts and the Shifting Dynamics of the Middle East Security Complex form the Iraq War to the Rise of ISIS." He is currently pursuing his Ph.D. studies at the Middle East Technical University Department of International Relations. His primary research focuses are: Iran's regional security strategy, Gulf security, Iranian security establishment, and contemporary Iranian politics. In addition to his native Turkmen, Atay has advanced proficiency in English, Turkish, Persian, Arabic, and limited working proficiency in Hebrew.