Iran between the US and China

Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (The JCPOA) should be understood in the geopolitical context of Obama’s Pivot to Asia. Obama’s Pivot to Asia was meant to contain China and reduce the American involvement in the MENA region.

The world is at a unique historical moment. It currently finds itself caught between the geopolitical and military power of the US and the geoeconomic power of China and other Asian actors. This new unprecedented dynamic is affecting all of the global regions and actors. Europeans are trying to find their place in the geopolitical world by trying to actualize the idea of a European Strategic Autonomy (Lippert et al., 2019), which practically means that Europeans are trying to find ways in which they can develop a foreign policy independent of the US, for instance, in their foreign policy approach towards China and Iran.. Since World War II, European countries have been dependent on the US for their security. ESA is their way of getting out of the security umbrella of the US.

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Biden, JCPOA, Sino-Iran Relations, 25 Year Agreement with China, Pivot to Asia

China’s Deepening Strategic Engagement in the Middle East

Mohammadbagher Forough

In terms of energy (both fossil-based and green), geopolitics, geoeconomics, trade, finance, health and digital security, and media and soft power, China’s influence in the region has been growing in the past two decades.