Dr. Mohammadbagher Forough (PhD in International Relations from University of Groningen, The Netherlands) is researcher and geopolitical risk analyst at the Clingendael Institute of International Relations (The Hague) and a researcher at the Leiden Asia Centre, the Netherlands. Previously, he was, from 2016 to January 2021, an assistant professor of International Relations and Iranian Studies at Leiden University. His research interests include global political economy, Middle Eastern/Iranian international affairs, China’s rise (with a focus on the BRI), infrastructure development, and cybersecurity.