Dr. Afacan graduated from Istanbul Bilgi University from the departments of history and international relations in 2008. He then joined the Leiden University in Holland where he obtained his MA degree in 2008 and hid PhD in 2015 both in Iranian studies. His primary research interests are modern Iranian history, social movements and state-society relations in Iran as well as recent political developments in this country. Apart from his native Turkish, he speaks Persian, English and Arabic languages fluently.